In the Mennonite Church USA and Mennonite Church Canada, most people work at the full spectrum of legal and honorable jobs available in society. A few are still farmers; many are in computer related fields, professors, physicians, secretaries, nurses, etc. Most Mennonites do not participate in jobs in the military, police force, etc., because of personal beliefs about non-violence.

The Amish work more in farm related jobs but many today supplement small-farm income with factory, construction, or home-business labor.